Two federal laws protect female employees from compensation discrimination: the Equal Pay Act and Title VII of the Civil Rights Act, which makes it illegal to discriminate based on sex in employment. These laws protect against discrimination in all payments to employees, including salary, overtime pay, bonuses, stock options, proﬁt sharing and bonus plans, life insurance, vacation and holiday pay, cleaning or gasoline allowances, hotel accommodations, reimbursement for travel expenses, and beneﬁts.
What are my rights under the Equal Pay Act (EPA)?
The Equal Pay Act of 1963 makes it illegal for employers to pay unequal wages to men and women who perform substantially equal work.
Your employer can pay diﬀerent amounts based on seniority, merit, quantity or quality of production, or a factor other than sex. But under the EPA, employers may not pay unequal wages to men and women who perform jobs that require substantially equal skill, eﬀort and responsibility, and that are performed under similar working conditions within the same establishment.