You may be entitled to time off from work when a child is born, when a family member is ill, or when you have a serious health condition.
The Family and Medical Leave Act of 1993 (FMLA) is a federal law that guarantees eligible workers the right to unpaid time off. This leave time is job protected, meaning you cannot be fired when you take this time off.
What does the Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) provide?
The Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) requires certain employers to provide eligible employees with up to 12 weeks of unpaid, job‐protected leave per year to:
- Care for a newborn, newly‐adopted child or foster child
- Care for a seriously ill family member (spouse, parent, or child)
- Recover from a worker’s own serious health condition
- Deal with qualifying issues related to a worker’s spouse, son, daughter or parent who is a covered military member on “covered military duty”
You may also be allowed up to 26 weeks of leave to care for a family member who is a service member or veteran with a serious injury or illness.
Am I eligible under the FMLA?
You are eligible if you have worked for at least one year and you have worked at least 1,250 hours within the last year at a business with 50 or more employees or at a public agency, including schools.
What counts as a “serious health condition”?
You may be eligible for leave time when you have a newborn or newly adopted child. You may be eligible for leave time when you or a family member are seriously ill or have a serious health condition.
A serious health condition must involve either inpatient care or continuing treatment by a health care provider. Situations such as pregnancy, health conditions with periods of incapacity, and long‐term conditions for which treatment is ineffective may all be covered.