Guide to Poverty & Income Data: CPS vs. ACS

On two dates in September, the Census Bureau will release data on poverty and income:

  • On September 12, the Bureau will release poverty and income data from the Current Population Survey (CPS).
  • On September 20, the Bureau will release additional poverty and income data from the American Community Survey (ACS).

Although the data from these two surveys are similar, they differ in important ways and will likely yield somewhat different numbers. The surveys pose different questions at different times of the year to different populations. Therefore, CPS data should not be compared to ACS data. Find out more about the key differences between CPS and ACS data in the PDF below.

PDF icon CPS_vs_ACS_Media Guide_Final.pdf40.9 KB